Applied Safety + Ergonomics

Publications + Research

We have authored numerous publications in a range of topics. Abstracts or excerpts are available for titles in maroon. A subset of titles includes the following:

  •  Books, Book Chapters and Dissertations
    • Satisfaction with Chemical Hazard and Exposure Information When Health Risk is Uncertain: Role of Risk Judgments and Mental Models
    • Development and Objectives of the ANSI Z535 Series of Standards for Safety Signs and Colors: A Historical Perspective
    • Effect of Location, Procedural Explicitness, and Presentation Format on User Processing of and Compliance with Product Warnings and Instructions
    • Effectiveness of Warnings in the Industrial Workplace
    • Fall Prevention in Industry Using Slip Resistance Testing
    • Instructions and Warnings: The Annotated Bibliography
    • Intermediate Processing Stages: Methodological Considerations for Research on Warnings
    • Practical Considerations Regarding the Design and Evaluation of Product Warnings
    • Receiver Characteristics in Safety Communication
    • The Use of Affordance and Categorization Approaches to Evaluate Selected Occupational
      Movement Behaviors at Auto Hauling Terminals
    • Warnings and Safety Instructions: Annotated and Indexed
    • Using Human Factors to Understand and Improve Machine Safeguarding
    • Use of Heart Rate Data and Metabolic Models to Validate Changes in Crew Size
  •  Technical Reports
    • Boat Boarding Ladder Placement
    • Boat Handhold Placement
    • Bowrider Backrest Height Variables: An Experimental and Simulation Study
    • Designs of Boat Handholds and Boarding Ladders: Principles and Examples
    • Experimental Determination of Lateral Boat Accelerations During Turns at Bow Seat Versus
      Stern Seat Locations
    • Fatigue in the Transportation Industry
  •  Journal Articles and Professional Conference Papers
    • Human Factors Perspectives on Driver Inattention and Traffic Safety
    • Clarifying the Hierarchical Approach to Hazard Control
    • Comparing Driver Descriptions of Turning to Measures of Off-Road Vehicle Performance: Implications for Driving Instruction and Accident Investigation
    • Predicting the Effects of Task Objectives on Attention to Conspicuous Visual Stimuli: Implications for Industrial Warnings and Accident Investigation  
    • Exploring the Influence of Message Length, Location, Repeated Exposure, and User Evaluation on Response to Warnings and Instructions
    • Behavioral Adaptation: Unintended Consequences of Safety Interventions
    • Safety Signs and Labels: Does Compliance with ANSI Z535 Increase Compliance with Warnings?
    • Potential Problems Associated with Overusing Warnings
    • Perception and Use of Product-Related Age Recommendations:
      A Case Study involving ATVs
    • Role of Warnings in Industrial Accident Prevention
    • Exploring Parental Response to Age-Related Warnings
    • A Task Analytic Approach to the Temporal and Spatial Placement of Product Warnings
    • Slip Resistance: Field Measurements Using Two Modern Slipmeters
    • An Eye-Scan Analysis of Accessing Product Warning Information
    • Effect of Location and Procedural Explicitness on Attention to and Compliance with Product Warnings and Instructions
    • Effects of two type density characteristics on the legibility of print
    • Ergonomics Standards Update: Predicting the Requirements of OSHA Ergonomic Regulations
    • Experimental Appraisal of a Manual Task Evaluator
    • Fatigue in Trucking Accidents: Two Modes of Accident Causation
    • Information Design Issues in Repair Stations
    • Measurement and Comparison of ‘Required’ versus ‘Available’ Slip Resistance
    • Must the Context Be Considered When Applying Generic Safety Symbols: A Case Study in Flammable Contact Adhesives
    • Prediction of Slip Resistance in Climbing Systems
    • Recent Developments in Safety Labeling and Their Implications for the Material Handling Industry
    • Revisions of TMC Recommended Practice RP-404 Truck and Truck Tractor Access Systems
    • Slip Resistance Predictions for Various Metal Step Materials, Shoe Soles and Contaminant Conditions
    • The Ability of Three Lay Groups to Judge Product Warning Effectiveness
    • The Effect of Product Design and Warning Salience on the Perception of Safety-Critical Product Attributes: A Case Study in Infant Carriers
    • The Forces Required to Pull Loads up Stairs with Different Handtrucks
    • Towards the Development of a Consensual Design Standard for Casual Furniture Chairs
    • Applying Ergonomic Principles to Reduce Maintenance Injuries and Downtime
    • Selecting Ergonomic Assessment Tools
    • Platforms to Step-Ladders: Deciding How to Elevate Workers
    • The Effect of Size and Fabric Weight of Protective Coveralls on Range of Gross Body Motions
    • Methods for Assessing Protective Clothing Effects on Worker Mobility

Contact Us

For immediate inquiries or assistance please contact our Ann Arbor, Michigan office at
1.734.994.9400 or

Applied Safety and Ergonomics has been providing valuable analysis, insight, answers, training, data, and problem solving strategies in consultation and expert witness capacities to help clients make informed decisions since 1994.